[Study of renal function and compensatory changes in children with single kidney].

Abstract

INTRODUCTION It has always been thought that a reduction of renal tissue in childhood sometimes causes some irreversible injury in the remnant kidney as the years go by. The aim of this paper is to look over the presence of these changes and identify the risk of nephropaty throughout several parameters. MATERIAL AND METHODS We reviewed 38 children, 23 males and 15 females, aged between 1 and 15 years, who had lost unilateral renal mass because of congenital or adquired diseases. We made two groups of patients on the basis of having born without any unilateral renal function -group I- or having lost unilateral renal function after the second year of life. We measured: Somatometry, arterial pressure, glomerular filtration, microalbuminuria, renal volume and gammagraphic studies were also made. We also considered the presence of contralateral anomalies. RESULTS Body weight and height were within normal percentiles. Arterial pressure increased in 5 patients. Seric creatinine was normal, creatinine clearance (Ccr) was higher than normal in all patients of both groups, and urinary excretion of protein was normal. Renal volume of remnant kidney was similar in both groups, and no relation with renal function level was found, but it increased through the years. Isotopic studies showed ectatic drainage in all urinary systems. Contralateral anomalies were seen in 7 patients, and they consisted in hydronephrosis and vesico-ureteral reflux. CONCLUSIONS Hypertension was not related to the cause of renal absence nor the pathology of remnant kidney. Ccr was higher than normal, showing an hyperfiltration status, not confirmed by the values of isotopic filtrate. Renal volume reached by the single kidney was affected by the time after the renal loss, and apparently has been slowed down in cases with contralateral anomalies.

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